On September 27, 2018, the New Jersey Senate and General Assembly passed legislation amending certain provisions of the New Jersey Corporation Business Tax (“CBT”) reform bill that was enacted earlier this year (“Technical Amendments”). In July, Governor Phil Murphy and the New Jersey Legislature enacted a $37.4 billion budget package (the “Budget Bill”) that implements sweeping changes to the CBT. Among these changes are mandatory unitary combined reporting, market-based sourcing, and a new four-year surtax on corporations with over $1 million of allocated taxable net income. The Technical Amendments, which are awaiting Governor Murphy’s signature, make several changes to the Budget Bill. A summary of the most noteworthy provisions contained in the Budget Bill and Technical Amendments is below.
The New York Legislature passed a budget bill (“NY Budget Bill”) that takes aim at several key provisions in the federal tax reform bill known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Federal Tax Reform”). It has been no secret that Governor Cuomo was displeased with Federal Tax Reform, and this year’s NY Budget Bill reflects that displeasure. Among other items, the NY Budget Bill contains two provisions designed to mitigate Federal Tax Reform’s limit on the deductibility of state personal income taxes—first, the NY Budget Bill creates state-operated charitable contribution funds and provides taxpayers with a credit against their New York State income tax liability equal to 85 percent of the amounts contributed for the immediately proceeding tax year, and second, the Budget Bill creates an optional payroll tax (the “Employer Compensation Expense Tax”) for which employees will receive a credit against their New York State income tax liability (effectively shifting the tax expense and corresponding deduction from the employees to the employer). The NY Budget Bill also addresses some of the corporate income tax changes adopted under Federal Tax Reform, including Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) section 965 income and the deduction found in IRC § 250(a)(1)(A) (“FDII”). In this blog, we will focus on the provisions of the Budget Bill impacting corporate taxpayers under the New York State corporate franchise tax.
With the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Reform”) fully enacted, taxpayers and practitioners are racing to find last-minute planning opportunities prior to the new year, and states are looking for ways to assist their residents prospectively. The most talked about planning opportunity, currently, is prepaying property taxes for 2018 to create a 2017 tax benefit around Section 11042(a)(6), which limits the state and local tax deduction to $10,000 beginning in 2018. However, imprecise wording contained within Section 11042(a)(6) could feasibly be interpreted to permit a deduction for state and local income taxes as well – depending on how you read the provision.
The New York State Department of Taxation and Finance (“Department”) has been releasing draft regulations to implement the extensive corporate franchise (income) tax reform that is generally effective for tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2015. Prior coverage can be found here. Recently, the Department issued new draft apportionment regulations on certain statutory categories of receipts, including receipts from sales of tangible personal property, rents and royalties, qualified financial instruments, loans, reverse repurchase agreements and securities borrowing agreements, commodities, marked to market net gains, other financial instruments, credit card and similar activities, credit card processors, services to investment companies, railroad, trucking and omnibus businesses, and advertising.