On June 12, 2017, Congressman Jim Sensenbrenner (R-WI) reintroduced into Congress H.R. 2887, also known as the “No Regulation Without Representation Act of 2017” (the “Legislation”), which codifies the physical presence nexus requirement established by the U.S. Supreme Court in Quill v. North Dakota, 504 U.S. 298 (1992) (“Quill”). The Legislation is interesting for several reasons: (1) it proposes to employ a result that is the exact opposite of the recent trend to overturn Quill; (2) it defines “tax” broadly to include net income and business activity taxes; and (3) it expands the law to require a physical presence for states to regulate a person’s activity in interstate commerce outside of the tax context.
The Utah Tax Court recently issued its decision in See’s Candies, Inc. v. Utah State Tax Commission, Case No. 140401556, holding that the “arm’s-length” standard set forth in the federal treasury regulations relating to section 482 of the Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) controls for purposes of guiding the Utah State Tax Commission (“Commission”) in reallocating income pursuant to Utah Code section 59-7-113 (“Section 59-7-113”), which is nearly identical to section 482 of the IRC.
The U.S. House of Representatives passed H.R. 2315, the Mobile Workforce State Income Tax Simplification Act of 2015 (“Mobile Workforce Act” or “Act”), on September 21, 2016. The Senate received the House-approved bill on September 22, 2016, and its ultimate fate remains unclear.