States and local jurisdictions continue to grapple with novel tax issues in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. On Friday, March 27, 2020, President Trump signed into law the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES Act”), a $2 trillion federal stimulus package to provide fiscal relief in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. The CARES Act includes numerous tax relief provisions. States will need to consider whether, and how, they will conform to the federal provisions.
The New York Legislature passed a budget bill (“NY Budget Bill”) that takes aim at several key provisions in the federal tax reform bill known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Federal Tax Reform”). It has been no secret that Governor Cuomo was displeased with Federal Tax Reform, and this year’s NY Budget Bill reflects that displeasure. Among other items, the NY Budget Bill contains two provisions designed to mitigate Federal Tax Reform’s limit on the deductibility of state personal income taxes—first, the NY Budget Bill creates state-operated charitable contribution funds and provides taxpayers with a credit against their New York State income tax liability equal to 85 percent of the amounts contributed for the immediately proceeding tax year, and second, the Budget Bill creates an optional payroll tax (the “Employer Compensation Expense Tax”) for which employees will receive a credit against their New York State income tax liability (effectively shifting the tax expense and corresponding deduction from the employees to the employer). The NY Budget Bill also addresses some of the corporate income tax changes adopted under Federal Tax Reform, including Internal Revenue Code (“IRC”) section 965 income and the deduction found in IRC § 250(a)(1)(A) (“FDII”). In this blog, we will focus on the provisions of the Budget Bill impacting corporate taxpayers under the New York State corporate franchise tax.
On December 15, 2017, the conferees working on reconciling the differences between the House and Senate versions of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Bill”) released legislative text and a Joint Explanatory Statement. It is expected that the Tax Bill will be passed and signed into law by President Trump. The Tax Bill contains numerous provisions impacting the personal income tax, the estate tax, the taxation of pass through entities, and the corporate income tax. This blog focuses on the U.S. state and local corporate income tax implications of the most significant aspects of the corporate income tax provisions of the Tax Bill.